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Keep the book Sell the book Disclaimer: These calculations are based on the current advertised price. Buy Now click here! Rent Now click here! Instructor resources are available; please contact your Elsevier sales representative for details. Side-by-side presentations of images and line drawings on the same page spread allow the reader to see correlations between line drawings of physical anatomy and actual, diagnostic-quality CT and MR images.
Over 1, images and detailed line drawings demonstrate sectional anatomy for every plane of the body that is commonly imaged. Pathology boxes briefly describe common pathologies related to the anatomy being discussed to form connections between the scans in the text and common pathologies readers are likely to encounter in practice. The vocal cords are best imaged during breathing. The suprahyoid and infrahyoid regions of the neck can be further divided by 5. Another name for the false vocal cords is the that separate the anatomy of each region into. Arteries of the Neck see Origin Branches Table 5.
Describe the location of the oropharynx. List the three paired cartilages of the larynx. The internal jugular veins drain blood from which external jugular vein. Describe the location of the parotid gland. List two hormones that are excreted by the thyroid gland. On Figure 5. She presented to the ER with complaints A year-old man presented with an enlarging mass of a left-sided headache, neck pain, and pulsatile in the right cervical region of the neck. The mass tinnitus. An MRI demonstrated abnormal increased was soft but nontender. What level does the common carotid bifurcate into the 1.
What cartilages make up the larynx? What important structures are located within the 2. Describe the structures that comprise the bony thorax. Define the thoracic inlet and outlet. Understand the function and layers of the pleura. Identify and describe the structures of the lungs. Identify the mainstem bronchi and their divisions. List the structures of the mediastinum, and describe their anatomic relationships to each other. Identify the structures of the heart, and explain the circulation of blood through the heart.
Identify the great vessels, and describe the distribution of their associated arteries and veins. Differentiate between pulmonary arteries and veins by function and location. Identify the coronary arteries and veins. List the muscles involved with respiration by function and location. The thickest, strongest muscle in the heart is located following problems. Left atrium c. Right ventricle 1. The aorta arises from the: d. Left ventricle a. Right atrium b. Left atrium Which of the following is located between the upper c.
Right ventricle thoracic vertebrae and trachea? Aorta b. Esophagus 2. The pulmonary veins bring blood to the: c. Thoracic duct a. Right atrium d. Azygos vein b. Left ventricle Fill in the blank spaces in the following sentences. The first vessel to branch off the aortic arch is the: a. Brachiocephalic artery 1. The heart is lined by a serous membrane called the b. Left common carotid artery c. Left subclavian artery.
Left vertebral artery 2. The is the 4. Which of the following is the chief muscle of middle muscular layer of the heart wall. Intercostals 3. The is the b. Diaphragm area where vessels and nerves enter and exit the c. Rhomboid lungs. Serratus 4. The four bring 5. The superior vena cava is formed by the junction oxygenated blood to the left atrium.
Internal jugular veins 5. External jugular veins between the pericardium and the heart wall and is c. Subclavian veins most prominent around the inflow and outflow of the d. Brachiocephalic veins heart. Which of the following makes up the apex of the 6.
Another name for the medial angle of the lung is the heart? Right atrium. Right ventricle 7. The d. Left ventricle supplies blood to the right atrium and right ventricle of the heart. Collateral circulation between the inferior vena cava and the superior vena cava is supplied by the: 8. Within the mediastinum, clusters of a. Thoracic veins are clumped around the great vessels, esophagus, b.
Subclavian veins bronchi, and carina. Azygos veins d. Intercostal veins 9. The aperture known as the allows for the passage of nerves, vessels, and viscera from 8. Which of the following is not considered a mediastinal the neck into the thoracic cavity. Heart The lateral angle of the lung is termed the b. Lungs c. Deep pockets or recesses of the pleural cavities are the The layer of the breast consists of glandular tissue, excretory ducts, costomediastinal and recesses.
The secondary bronchi further divide into the The thymus gland produces a hormone, ,. The diaphragm is attached to the lumbar spine via two tendinous structures termed. Aortic valve a. Laterally rotate and protract scapula 2. Myocardium b. Opening on medial surface of the lungs 3. Tricuspid valve c. Cords of connective tissue 4. Hilum d. Elevates the ribs 5. Windpipe e. Middle layer of heart wall 6. Serratus anterior muscle f. Semilunar valve 7. Diaphragm g. Right atrioventricular valve 8.
Azygos vein h. Collateral circulation 9.
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Levatores costarum muscle i. Covers lung surface Carries deoxygenated blood to lungs Visceral pleura k. Chief muscle of respiration Pulmonary arteries l. List six structures located within the mediastinum. Describe the primary function of the thymus gland.
What areas of the body does the thoracic duct drain? Describe how the short axis SA view can be serous pericardium. List the three main branches of the aortic arch. List the tributaries of the superior vena cava. Describe the coronary sinus. What is the function of the azygos venous system? List the three layers of breast tissue. Sternal head—lateral manubrium and sternum, six upper costal cartilages Pectoralis minor Anterior surface of ribs Elevates ribs of scapula, protracts scapula, and assists serratus anterior First rib and cartilage Inferior surface of Depresses the shoulder the clavicle and assists pectoralis in inspiration Serratus anterior Angles of superior ribs Medial border of scapula IDENTIFY 1.
On Figure 6. A chest radiograph demonstrated a mass in department complaining of ongoing coldness, numbness, the superior mediastinum, most likely a tumor of the and pain in her right arm. A CT study demonstrated thymus gland thymoma. What is the function of the thymus gland? What structures form the borders of the thoracic inlet or superior thoracic aperture? Where is the thymus gland located within the tho- racic cavity?
What structures pass between the neck and the tho- racic cavity through the superior thoracic aperture? List the structures of the abdominal cavity, and differentiate among those that are contained within the peritoneum and those that are contained within the retroperitoneum. Describe the peritoneal and retroperitoneal spaces. Describe the lobes, segments, and vasculature of the liver. Define the structures of the biliary system. State the functions and location of the pancreas and spleen. Identify the structures of the urinary system. List and identify the structures of the stomach and intestines.
Identify the branches of the abdominal aorta and the structures they supply. Identify the tributaries of the inferior vena cava and the structures they drain. List the muscles of the abdomen and describe their function. Subhepatic space b. Paracolic gutter d. Pararenal space 1. What imaginary line separates the left and right lobes of the liver? Which of the following unite to form the portal vein? Main lobar fissure a. Superior and inferior mesenteric veins b. Ligamentum venosum b. Inferior mesenteric and splenic veins c. Falciform ligament c. Superior mesenteric and splenic veins d.
Splenic and hepatic veins 2. What is the largest lobe of the liver? Which of the following ligaments extends from the a. Right liver to the anterior abdominal wall and diaphragm b. Left and divides the liver anatomically into right and left c. Quadrate lobes? Caudate a. Coronary ligament b. Falciform ligament 3. The hepatic veins empty into the: c.
Round ligament a. Portal vein d. Gastrophrenic ligament b. Superior mesenteric vein c. Inferior vena cava Which of the following spaces is located between the d. Splenic vein diaphragm and the anterior portion of the liver? Paracolic gutters 4. Which structure is retroperitoneal? Infracolic spaces a. Gallbladder c. Subhepatic spaces b. Spleen d. Subphrenic spaces c.
Pancreas d. Stomach Current practice favors dividing the liver into how many segments? Which of the following arteries is not one of the a. Common hepatic artery c.
Workbook for Sectional Anatomy for Imaging Professionals - E-Book (3rd ed.)
Splenic artery d. Left gastric artery d. Cystic artery Which of the following arteries usually arises as one of the three branches of the celiac artery? What part of the pancreas is located in the curve of a. Common hepatic artery the duodenum? Proper hepatic artery a. Head c. Right hepatic artery b. Neck d. Left hepatic artery c. Body d. Tail Amylase, lipase, and peptidases are enzymes secreted by the: 7. What is the smallest lobe of the liver?
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Liver a. Right b. Spleen b. Left c. Pancreas c. Caudate d. Adrenal gland d. Quadrate 8. What thin, tendinous structure connects the two rectus abdominis muscles at the midline? Linea alba b. Transversus abdominis c. Internal oblique d. The liver is surrounded by a strong connective tissue 2. The liver is entirely covered by peritoneum except abdominis muscles oblique muscles and provide maximum for the gallbladder fossa and the.
The right and left hepatic ducts unite at the 4. The common bile duct follows a groove on the posterior surface of the pancreatic head, then pierces 5. The cellular components of the spleen create a highly front of the structure. Bladder pulp. Liver 7. The adrenal glands along with the kidneys are 3. Kidneys enclosed by. Gallbladder 8. The renal medulla consists of segments called that radiate from the renal 5. Spleen sinus to the outer surface of the kidney. Stomach 9. The duodenojejunal flexure is fixed in place by the 7.
Pancreas , a suspensory ligament created from the connective tissue around the celiac axis and 8.
Inferior vena cava left crus of the diaphragm. Ovaries The outer, longitudinal muscle of the large intestine forms three thickened bands called taeniae coli that Prostate gland gather the cecum and colon into a series of pouchlike folds called. List the two hormones produced by the adrenal medulla. List the two layers of the peritoneum. List the five segments of the kidney. The celiac trunk divides into three branches. What are those branches?
List the structures that form the portal vein.
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Describe the location of the superior mesenteric artery, and list the structures it supplies. Describe the location of the abdominal lymph nodes. Describe the mesentery. What is the function of the peritoneal ligaments? List the ligaments that attach the spleen to the greater curvature of the stomach and the left kidney. On Figure 7. An A year-old male with a history of peptic ulcer abdominal CT confirmed a pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Why would jaundice be associated with pancreatic cancer? What is the supracolic compartment and where is it located?
What is the function of the pancreas? What spaces are located within the supracolic compartment? Identify the structures of the bony pelvis. Define the pelvic inlet and outlet. Describe the perineum. Describe the function and location of the pelvic muscles. Differentiate between the pelvic and urogenital diaphragms.
Describe the location of the bladder in relation to the reproductive organs and the course of the male and female urethras. Describe the location and function of the male and female reproductive organs. Identify the major arteries and veins that are located within the pelvis. Describe the location of the pelvic lymph nodes. Which of the following acts as a bony landmark following problems. Sacroiliac joints b. Lateral mass 1.
What is the largest accessory structure of the male c. Iliac fossa reproductive system?
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Sacral promontory a. Epididymis b. Seminal vesicles Which of the following muscles originates from the c. Prostate gland symphysis pubis and extends to the xyphoid process d. Spermatic cord and costal cartilage of the fifth, sixth, and seventh ribs? Which muscle forms the major part of the pelvic a. Rectus abdominis diaphragm? Psoas a. Obturator internus c. External oblique b. Obturator externus d. Internal oblique c. Pectineal d. Levator ani The muscle that acts to rotate the thigh laterally and originates from the ilium and sacrum and passes 3.
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The ejaculatory duct opens into the: through the greater sciatic notch to insert on the a. Prostatic urethra greater trochanter of the femur is the: b. Spermatic cord a. Penis b. Vas deferens c. Piriformis d. Iliopsoas 4. What is the largest vein in the body?
Superior vena cava The muscles that form the posterior portion of the b. Inferior vena cava pelvic floor are the: c. Left common iliac a. Levator ani d. Right femoral b. Coccygeus c. Iliopsoas 5. The male urethra can be divided into how many d. Obturator sections? One Which of the following suspensory ligaments of the b. Two uterus help to prevent posterior movement of the c. Three uterus as they extend laterally from the uterine cornu d.
Four through the inguinal canal and anchor to the labia majora? Which broad muscle covers the anterior surface of a. Uterosacral the iliac fossa? Round a. Piriformis c. Ovarian b. Iliacus d. Suspensory c. Obturator internus d. Psoas Which of the following ligaments attach the inferior aspect of the ovaries to the lateral surface of the 7. The broad ligament encloses all of the following uterus and uterine tubes? Ovarian a. Ovaries b. Suspensory b. Uterus c. Uterosacral c. Uterine tubes d. Round d. Bladder The obturator and umbilical arteries are branches of 8.
Which structure transports sperm from the testes?
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Ejaculatory ducts a. Internal iliac b. Spermatic cords b. External iliac c. Common iliac d. Urethra d. Shortest portion of h. Myometrium the male urethra Circle either True or False for each of the following statements. Transmits sperm to i. The thickened fold of mesentery that supports upper surface of the superior pubic and stabilizes the position of each ovary is the ramus.
Match each of the following phrases to the anatomic structure to which it pertains. The pouch is located between the uterus and rectum and 1. Secretes female sex a. Prostatic urethra is sometimes called the pouch of Douglas. The muscle that originates from the ilium and 2. Protects the fetus b. Broad ligament sacrum and passes through the greater sciatic 3. Thickest portion of c. Ovaries notch to insert on the greater trochanter is the uterine wall.
Ejaculatory duct d. Vesicouterine pouch empties into it 9. The pelvic brim is formed by the 5. Encloses the ovaries e.