The story he tells consists of a set of nested ghost narratives, each told as a story within a story by a successive interlocutor. The entire tale ends when one by one, in reverse order, the traveler discovers that each interlocutor in the chain of nested stories is actually a ghost, including the teller who began it, whereupon the entire group of strangers in the tavern vanishes like smoke.
But all the tales purporting to have been heard in such fashion were written down in Classical Chinese by elite authors for their own purposes. These authors had no interest in capturing the spoken quality of the stories they retold or any stake in authenticat- ing the manner in which a narrative was recounted.
The only case I have found in which the actual process of telling a ghost story is portrayed in detail occurs in a set of plays where the whole thing is staged as a comic hoax. In the scene an old flower seller, whom the audience knows has been hired for the purpose of decep- tion, spins a long yarn about a haunted garden to frighten the hero into believing that his lover is really a ghost so that he will leave her and go sit for the civil service examinations. When sources permit, and more than one written version of a tale from a short period of time exists, I have attempted to take into account the oral circulation of the story.
Concentrating on a well-defined period also allows me to explore the interre- lationship between different artistic genres, mainly narrative, drama, and poetry, in representing the ghost. When apparitions of the dead in Chinese cultural his- tory have been studied as a literary or imaginative problem, attention has usually been confined to the ghost story, or, to a lesser extent, to ghost drama; scholarship in the one area has tended to work in generic isolation from the other.
This book deals extensively with all three genres, which are closely intermeshed in the representation of the ghost, especially in the Ming-Qing period. Tales furnish the core plotlines for plays; conversely, theater practices may have influenced the portrayals of ghosts in narra- tive. The poetic tradition provides the building blocks for the lyrics to the arias sung in plays, which contributed to the theatrical effect of a ghost on stage. Plays were performed in a variety of venues and occasions, particularly on religious fes- tivals and at ritual events.
Instead, although the issue of ritual is important to my analysis, I focus on play texts mainly composed during the seventeenth century while simulta- neously foregrounding the specific performing context favored by the late Ming and early Qing elite, that of productions staged at banquets in private homes. It is true that a distinct strain of ghost literature, particularly in the Qing, did exploit the bureaucratic image of the other world pri- marily to pillory the foibles of this one. Watson has proposed that the notion of a belief system is unimportant in Chinese death ritual; practice instead is what counts.
What are the literary conventions for portraying ghosts? How and why do they change over time, in different genres, and in different contexts? After all, a ghost is by definition an otherworldly creature, invisible, inchoate, and intangible. A specter is always an image, culturally and historically constructed, and it therefore forces us to consider what it means to represent something in a given period and context. This emphasis on representation does not mean that I treat the literary field as divorced from larger social concerns of the relations between the living and the dead.
It would likewise be impossible for a study of ghosts to ignore the importance that death culture has wielded over the course of Chinese history. The richness and quantity of ghost stories, poems, and plays in the Chinese liter- ary record is clearly bound up with this highly developed mortuary imagination. Not truly belonging to her natal family, she had no proper burial place, and without a husband and children, she had no one obligated to look after her posthu- mous worship.
This problem in the kinship and ritual structure of society provides one explanation for why the female revenant returns so often in ghost literature. In the complex history of the Chinese celestial pantheon, most gods are por- trayed as occupying bureaucratic posts, and Arthur Wolf was by no means alone in observing that the hierarchical structure of the divine world offered a mirror image of officialdom in this world, with despised ghosts at the very bottom. The literary subgenre of the ghost satire mentioned earlier is predicated on this symmetry. But more recently scholars have emphasized that reified bureaucratic authority was not the only source of power for Chinese divinity, and that the boundary between god and ghost was actually very porous.
Despite the supposed fragility of such a dis- embodied soul, the impression is most often of her self-determination and initiative in contrast to living women and her dominance over her male partner. Death is what empowers her and frees her to act upon her own desires. Even in A Chinese Ghost Story, the beautiful ghost in the film, though pretending to be helpless, repeat- edly rescues her human lover from the other demons in the temple.
In short, the phantom is always the heroine of her own story; in any eventual resurrection or rebirth, she is always in large measure also the agent of her own liberation and redemption. This book consists of four chapters and a coda. Each chapter focuses on one or more interconnected themes, which are often enunciated in certain genres. But ghost literature is also an important place for probing the subjective experience of death and for testing the cultural notion of literary immortality that authorship promised. The return of the past in the present, particularly in the political context of a new dynasty confronting an old one, is another major theme in ghost literature.
Imagining a ghost in the person of an actor in the context of a play sheds light on fundamental aspects of the theatrical experience. A final coda reads the ghost scenes in the historical drama Palace of Lasting Life Changsheng dian as a prism that refracts the major themes developed in the previous four chapters—the female corpse revived through sexual love, the imagination of mortality through the creation of a ghostly poetic voice, the mourn- ing of the historical past by the present, and the theatricality of the split between body and soul—but which also transcends them.
The play was both the culmination of the late Ming glorification of qing sentiment, love, pas- sion, desire and a primary vehicle for the promotion and dissemination of qing as a cardinal virtue for more than two hundred years. The living can die for it, and through it the dead can come back to life. That which the living cannot die for or which cannot resurrect the dead is not love at its most supreme. Qing manifests itself on the borders of life and death, not simply as proof of the depth or sincerity of pas- sion, but as the mode whereby an invisible force can be visualized and activated.
With its mysterious origins, elusive movements, uncertain identity, and superhu- man powers, qing is described in certain writings on the play almost as though it were a ghost. It is what keeps the living alive and what brings about the death of the dying, yet it is what can resurrect the dead and make the living perish. It can also prevent the dead from perishing and make the living forget life itself. Far and near, floating and rippling, it vanishes and no one knows where it goes.
Three years later, she returns from the Shades as a revenant to consummate her sexual passion and be restored to life by her lover. Although in abstract terms, qing is conceptualized as a universal force of nature, in its embodied form, qing is a ghost and a woman. In the long tradition of literary ghost stories that Tang Xianzu drew upon and which he in turn influenced, the woman who dies of desire only to be resurrected by a living man is a common scenario.
This is not to say that men never die for love, or never materialize as ghosts in Chinese literature, but that male ghosts are propelled by motives other than sexual desire; female ghosts may also appear for a variety of reasons and are not always restored to life, but when they do revive, it is almost always in an erotic context. This distinctive pattern of imagination suggests some of the figural richness of ghosts with regard to gender, defined in its broadest terms as the cultural, social, and literary construction of male-female difference.
In an essay that establishes a basic typology of the Chinese literary ghost story, Anthony C. Yu attributes this imbalance to the fact that the literary tale was authored by men and represents male fantasies of woman as Other. Implicit in his argument is the notion that the literary record does not exhaust the range of beliefs, practices, or stories found in popular or folk culture. Case histories from the late Ming and early Qing further show that ideas about women succumbing to such illnesses continued to circulate in this period, even in elite discourse.
First, from antiquity, ghosts had been conceptualized as demonic agents capable of causing disease and death. In ghost stories, both of the anec- dotal and the more elaborated sorts, the pathogenic potential of ghosts remains a given, whether as wisdom to be confirmed or as convention to be overturned.
Second, learned medicine was a written discourse that constantly interacted with folk or popular traditions and assimilated them into its own elite idiom. Because physicians were often called upon to treat rare disorders and because anomaly helps establish the normative, accounts of the strange also sometimes figure in medical discourse but without the literary agenda of the classical tale. Third, with the expansion of print culture beginning in the sixteenth century, medical reference books, which aimed to classify knowledge and make it available to a broader reading public, were increasingly compiled and published.
This, too, has a counterpart in the proliferation of classified compendia of tales and anecdotes, published not only for entertainment but as sources of knowledge on a variety of subjects. They were invariably intertwined with somatic experience. In these stories I find strong connections between literary representations of corporealized ghosts and symbolizations of the feminine in Ming and Qing medical texts. On another level, the wit of the passage depends on the multivalence of the terms yin and yang so that the values man and woman, to be expected in a nuptial context, can be overshadowed by those of man and ghost.
Indeed, the interaction between female ghost and human male, especially when the result is rebirth or resurrection, inevi- tably suggests broader processes of cosmic decay and regeneration. Thus a ghost occupies virtually all points along the symbolic axis of yin associated with cold, dark, moisture, earth, lower, death, femininity, etc. Even after each woman has secretly revealed the true identity of her rival, the scholar chalks up their charges to jealousy and refuses to believe them. If it were pleasurable, do we lack for young men in the Shades? Through what art do you alone avoid this?
Each supernatural woman is clearly marked as Other just as the male protagonist is marked as normative, but, as is often the case in Liaozhai, ghost and fox-spirit are not interchangeable. The fox-spirit is associated with healing, laughter, warmth, and wisdom; the ghost with disease, melancholy, coldness, and infatuation chi, a close correlative of qing. Her dangerous identity is detected and eventually exorcised thanks to the ministrations of a Daoist practitioner. Examining your overall vitality shenqi , I find your pulse is erratic and disordered like tangled threads.
This is a ghostly symptom gui zheng! This means your Blood and qi are unbalanced and a heteropathic qi is harming your orthopathic qi. In another Ming dynasty case in the same collection, a maiden suffering from amenorrhea and a bloated abdomen, turns out to have dreamt of having intercourse with a god after seeing his statue in a temple and feeling attracted to it. As she lectures the scholar: For someone of your years, if you desist for three days after making love, your Essence and qi will be restored.
In this case, even if your partner is a fox-spirit, what harm would there be? But if you enter the fray night after night, a human lover will be worse for you than a fox! Intercourse with a demonic creature, particularly a ghost, was therefore seen as doubly injurious. As a Daoist exorcist lectures a young scholar in an eleventh-century demon tale: In general, when a man is young, his yang qi is plentiful and his yin qi is scarce; in his prime, his yin and yang are evenly matched; when he grows old, his yang is scarce and his yin is plentiful.
Now you are in your prime when your Blood and qi are just at their most robust, yet you are voluntarily pursuing a ghost, an alien creature of unadulterated yin. Squandering your qi in this fashion, you may expect your death any moment now! Having anticipated the dire course of his illness with the foresight characteristic of both fox- divinities and famous physicians, Lotus-scent had long ago gathered the herbs nec- essary to compound a miracle drug.
In effect, the deadly yin poison becomes its antidote, this reversal probably gaining in piquancy because in popular belief spitting at a ghost was supposed to make it disappear. A second dose of the pill is required. This time the fox-doctor herself must give the scholar mouth-to-mouth resuscitation to build up his qi. The effect of these therapeutic kisses is to eroticize medicine in general, but here it is the fox who supervises the cure, the ghost who is blamed for the illness.
In the Yuan play The Western Wing Xixiang ji , which came to double as a handbook for lovers, the hero, lying prostrate with love and sexual frus- tration, shoots down the idea that his sickness will yield to any drug prescribed by a doctor. My bones stick out like a corpse, invaded by a ghostly lovesickness gui bing. The ghost, far more than the fox in this story, is bound up with the mechanics of longing si , both as object and sub- ject of desire.
For longing [si ] is born of love [qing] and gods and ghosts are likewise formed of love. What ought to rise, rises not, what ought to descend, descends not; what ought to change, changes not. Therefore it is said whenever transformative processes lose their con- stancy, a static disorder will arise. Sometimes stasis persists and results in sickness; sometimes sickness persists and results in stasis.
It was experienced as feelings of oppression and suffocation, pressure or tightness in the chest, languor and loss of appetite, all linked to pent-up resentments and repressed desires. Physicians knew that static conges- tion and [the] Liver Fire [of rage] were related, just as psychologists today know that anger and depression often mask each other.
The cases are credited to Zhu Zhenheng, but they were widely quoted in late Ming medical encyclopedias and lead the entry on yu in Classified Cases of Renowned Physicians. For the Spleen system governs longing. Anger belongs to hepatic Wood, which can overcome splenetic Earth. She became furious and burst into tears. About three hours later, he had them comfort her and give her medicine.
Then she asked for congee to eat. She recovers after simply taking medicine prescribed by the doctor. These medical cases of melancholy virgins display a close affinity to ghostlore, because blighted desires and unredressed grievances are precisely what compel the spirits of the dead to return as revenants. A ghost is a symptom of fatal blockage and congestion, an interruption of the natural cycle, the pathologi- cal return of something incomplete and unresolved. This suggests that the most important convergence between Ming-Qing medical images of women and literary representations of ghosts is the attempt to redefine and master the dangerous pollution assigned to both women and ghosts in common belief.
Threatening symbols of female sexual power were replaced by benign symbols of female genera- tivity and weakness that moderated pollution taboos and permitted an interpreta- tion of gender based on paternalism, pity, and protection. The concept of pollution is reinscribed in a moral framework and internalized by the ghost herself. This self-consciousness marks her repentance and is the precondition for her reincarnation in a new body and her legitimate marriage to the scholar.
In such cases, beauty masks any difference between ghost or fox, fairy or goddess, and poses an enigma: Who is she? The tale begins with a practical joke: When the scholar tells his next-door neighbor that even though he lives alone he is not afraid of foxes or ghosts, the neighbor sends over a courtesan who pre- tends to be a ghost. The gullible scholar is frightened out of his wits until his neigh- bor gleefully enlightens him.
Thereafter when a real fox climbs over the wall and announces she is a courtesan, the scholar believes her. And when a real ghost also appears and tells him she is a girl from good family, he is likewise easily duped. The embroidered pointed slipper Li gives the scholar as a love token is a magical talisman able to summon her at will, but it is also clearly meant as a fetish.
In Li and a number of other virgin ghosts in Liaozhai, we find a powerful con- vergence between traditional representations of the ghost as a weightless, evanes- cent, mournful being, and new ideals of feminine attractiveness that emphasized qualities such as slenderness, sickliness, and melancholy, often in conjunction with literary or artistic talent and untimely death.
In his Sexual Life in Ancient China, van Gulik charts a change in visual representations of the physical beauty of both sexes from fleshy and robust to elongated and frail, a change that he maintains is discernible during the late Ming, but really took hold in the Qing. In this story, the adolescent hero is plagued by recurrent wet dreams in which he finds himself making love with the same beautiful young girl. Deter- mined to catch this phantom in the flesh, he lies in wait one night with the candle lit; as soon as he shuts his eyes, he dreams she comes to him. Lacking some of the yang qi required to revive her, but being too shy to approach him directly, she has taken cover in dream.
In medical writings of the period, involuntary nocturnal emissions were consid- ered a disorder, a sign of imbalance in the body, which resulted in squandering the precious, finite resources of qi. The only difference between the two, explained the Ming physician Wang Kentang — was that the former was stimulated by dreams of sex with ghosts, while the latter was not. In practice, Wang maintained, the methods of cure for both were identical and so he grouped them as a single entity.
But erotic dreams could result equally from somatic as psychological imbalance—from the stirring of Essence or the stirring of amorous feelings—and so it was necessary to strengthen the Kidneys as well as purify the Heart. Zhang Jiebin believed that oneiric emissions were more likely to plague adolescents, the abstinent, and educated, quick-witted types. As the tangible sign of a physiological process whose stimulus is fantasy and longing, a nocturnal emission perfectly embodies the paradoxical realness of dreams, a theme which is developed throughout the story.
Much of the narrative action unfolds in dream. There he rescues Autumn Moon from an underworld jail in a dream that likewise turns out to have the force of reality, since he finds her still beside him after he awakes at home. To escape apprehension from the netherworld authorities for his crime, he is obliged to raise Autumn Moon from the dead before her allotted time. This intensification of the physical weakness and shyness of female specters is related to the lack of interest in horror evinced in the literary tradition of ghost sto- ries, which becomes increasingly pronounced during the late Ming and early Qing.
The supremely beautiful, sexually insatiable figure of the female revenant so ubiquitous in the literary ghost tale also circulated in Chinese oral tradition and folklore. Province unknown. Courtesy of Peter L. Rosenberg, Vallin Galleries. Photo provided by Nancy Berliner. The terrifying transformation of beauty into its reverse was a trick of the shadow puppet theater, which fashioned an ingeniously crafted head that could turn from pretty woman to horrible hanged ghost with the flick of a wrist see fig.
The constant here is the superlativeness of both beauty and ugliness, which rein- forces the fact, quite literally in the shadow puppet example, that these seemingly opposite visual qualities are fungible, two sides of the same thing. Male Potency and Ghostly Fertility The hyperfemininity of the female specter naturally has repercussions on repre- sentations of masculinity.
More commonly, the hero, usually a talented literary type, is toned down to match the ghost, so that yang becomes more like yin, increasing the homology between the sexes. This alignment may likewise be implied in medical discussions that join unsuccessful examination candidates to maidens as equally prone to the melancholy of stasis. In the second scenario, it is sometimes necessary to supply an additional male figure to play the martial role on behalf of the hero.
The point of chief concern for us is the creative power assigned to male sexuality, which could be harnessed for erotic, social, or cosmic aims: The male generative body, being linked to the alchemical body, incorporated sexual potency as significant as a sign of a body capable of transcending ordinary humanity. Male sexual powers are identified both with reproductive function that accomplishes the social mission of the family and with generative vitality that can replicate and extend the creative work of the cosmos at large. Male reproductive dysfunction is the overt springboard for the plot.
One day, after having been delinquent at his studies, the boy decides to run away to avoid a scolding from his teacher. A few miles from his village, a beautiful woman the fox enlists him to deliver a letter for her, which brings him at nightfall to a distant, desolate area. A ravishing young lady appears the ghost and offers to give him shelter in what he later discovers is a tomb. She is only too delighted to have company, but, to his distress, insists on sharing her bed with him.
A hilarious scene ensues with the mortified boy curling himself into a ball and pretending to be asleep, as the sex-starved ghost, whose name is Ingenia, eagerly embarks on seduction. The discovery of the lack he has tried to conceal drives her to despair. The joke turns out to be that during her lifetime she had been married to just such a natural eunuch and had died of frustration. Her desire has only intensi- fied in the underworld, and she laments the cruelty of fate that would play the same unfair trick on her twice.
In tears, she instructs her maid to turn him out. Just at that moment, a middle-aged woman enters the fox-matron , who also resides in the tomb, and the letter the boy has brought from her daughter is discovered. Pres- ently, she produces a black pill, which she asks him to swallow. Then she leaves, instructing him to lie motionless. Wondering what ailment the medicine is sup- posed to cure, he drifts off to sleep. Some time before dawn, he awakens. He reached down, and lo!
Although the foxes keep him under lock and key, he yearns to try out his new prowess on the ghost. One day when the foxes are out, he persuades Ingenia to release him and maneuvers her into restaging the original seduction scene; the result is a complete reversal of his former humili- ation. The pair make love and secretly fall for each other, but afterwards the fox-matron is even more vigilant in keeping them apart.
Soon thereafter, the fox-matron sends him back home after requesting him to ask his parents to arrange his marriage to her daughter. His parents are delighted at his return but scoff at the idea of marrying him to a fox. The boy is too shy to enlighten them to the contrary. Gradually, he indulges himself with them even in broad daylight in the hope that his parents will hear of it. He can only speak directly through the body. Thus he cannot tell the ghost he does not want to sleep with her or warn her of his deformity; he can only express his reluctance through signs and gestures; he can only let her discover the truth by reading the lack inscribed on his body.
He cannot inform the fox-matron who inter- rupts them how he has offended the ghost; instead he passively submits to a physi- cal examination. On his wedding day he asks what has become of her; his fox mother-in-law lies to him and tells him Ingenia has departed forever to enter the cycle of rebirth. He mourns her loss, but later hears reports of ghostly wailing at the old tomb site. The boy sets out at once in the hopes of finding Ingenia there. Lifting her head, she cried bitterly, her face filled with boundless resentment.
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He, too, wept. Reaching toward the infant in her arms, he asked whose it was. The tomb, ordinarily the site of death and decay, has become the locus of heal- ing and birth. Male deficiency is replaced by super potency, whose sign is the impregnated ghost. Fruitful couplings between human men and supernatural women crop up in the Chinese literature on the strange, not only with ghosts and variations thereof, such as disembodied souls, dream visions, and painted images, but also with goddesses, immortals, and animal spirits.
The fantasy of a fertile union between human male and female ghost appears early in Chinese records of the strange and resurfaces intermittently throughout this literary tradition. We find two such stories attributed to the fourth-century col- lection by Gan Bao, Seeking the Spirits Soushen ji , which were widely anthologized in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Four years later, she returns to find him and tearfully hands over a little boy, the son she has borne him, then vanishes forever. One night he gazes upon her sleeping form by candlelight: he sees a woman of flesh and blood from the waist up, a skeleton from the waist down.
She rebukes him for inter- rupting the process of resurrection; had he been able to restrain himself one more year, she would have come back to life; now she must depart forever, leaving her son behind. From a psychoanalytic perspective, this figure yoking together a dead and living body is uncanny precisely because it is the lower half, with the organs of generation, that is pictured as the skeleton. References to a custom of arranging posthumous marriage for a son or daughter who dies unmarried are found in ritual texts, dynastic histories, and notation books spanning the two-thousand-odd years from Han to Qing as well as in modern eth- nographies of different areas of China.
In life, a couple shares a coverlet; in death, they share a coffin. But sometimes after a man has undergone the capping ceremony for coming of age, he dies before taking a wife; and sometimes after a woman has undergone the hair pinning ceremony to mark her maturity, she dies before being married off. It is not necessary to read these sorts of ghost stories simply as a repository for vestiges of a persistent cultural practice; rather, the interest of such narratives lies in their ability to animate ritual fictions, to play out the imagined consequences of ritual actions.
Sometimes, as in the second story, the ritual apparatus is initially absent, but the aim of the ritual is clearly achieved. Her situation in the tomb is doubly anomalous because she lives not alone or with ghost relatives but with foxes, who do everything in their power to thwart rather than to assist her marriage. The effect of this ending, then, is a deliberate refusal of rhetorical closure, as though some essential contradiction were preventing a complete resolution. Just as the ghost gradually acquires the ability to eat and drink in the course of her moral rehabilitation, so she eventu- ally develops the capacity to reproduce.
Soon after, a mysterious woman starts frequenting a bun shop in the vicinity.
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Later the shopkeeper discovers that the coins she has given him to pay for her purchases have turned into the paper spirit money used to make offerings to the dead. His suspicions aroused, the next time this woman shows up, he tails her on her return route.
To his horror, he sees her arrive at a grave and disap- pear inside it. When the coffin is opened, they find the remains of a female cadaver and a living infant beside it. When her coffin is later opened, they find: The grave clothes and bones of the corpse had mostly turned to dust. The only living thing they could see was a baby boy. Only after the number of onlookers crowding around him swelled and a noisy hubbub ensued, did he get alarmed and start to cry.
In fact, the boy still recognized this dead mother as his living one, and howled as though he were seeking refuge in her. Alas, this poor child! People ordinarily suffer at parting from the living, but this boy suffered at parting from the dead! The hyper- bolic trajectory from male anatomical deficiency to super potency, which rhetorically reinforces the upswing from death to birth, also works to keep normal reproductive functions continually in view.
Although reviv- ing the dead woman through the power of male sexuality is a theme with a long pedigree, it plays a central role in literature of the late Ming and early Qing, most famously in Peony Pavilion. When the peony-spirit of the story is killed after someone uproots the flower bush of which she is the incarnation, her lover tenderly applies water and fertilizer to the spot.
To his joy, the next spring, new shoots appear, signs of her regeneration and regrowth LZ The association of chastity with coldness and death makes the virgin ghost the ghostliest figure of all, but the image almost irresistibly evokes the fantasy that she will be reborn through the generative power of male sexual love, given new ideologi- cal sanction through the elevation of qing. She haltingly reveals she has been dead for twenty years, having died of a sudden illness at the age of sixteen. Her extreme physical fragility elicits one of the most explicit descriptions of the female body in Liaozhai.
In a parallel but more oblique move, he then peeks beneath her skirt to inspect her tiny embroidered shoes and stockings, the fetishized, displaced locus of the female genitals in this period. At the end of the story, the ghost-heroine comes to the scholar and begs his aid in reviving her, but warns him that to do so will cause him to fall seriously ill for a period of time.
In accordance with the medical model of procreation, to be reborn she requires not only his semen, but his blood. Here the scholar completely takes over the generative function, supplying both male Essence and female Blood. The act of intercourse through which Liansuo loses her virginity and receives his semen is narrated in a single perfunctory phrase.
After instructing him where to find her burial spot, she vanishes. The aftermath of the act, however, reinforces the impression that simultaneously at work here is a medicalized fantasy of male conception. After taking a remedy prescribed by the doctor, he excreted a foul substance some- thing like mud.
Zhang Jiebin, for example, held that phantom pregnancy was an internally caused disorder like a tumor rather than something provoked by an encounter with an external demonic force. He takes her still unconscious body home and she revives at midnight. In an early horrific type of ghost tale reminiscent of vampire lore, phantom and corpse are for all practical purposes interchangeable. Here a man acquires a ghost named Ainu as a housemaid-concubine.
To show his affection and esteem, he exhumes her grave so that he can rebury her remains. Then changing her tone, she urges him to rebury her at once. Besides, more than half the accounts of such miracles circulating are spurious. About a year later, after he drunkenly forces her to have a drink, she collapses, blood streaming from her mouth, and her corpse immediately rots. If ghost and corpse are split images of the deceased, male desire is most often projected onto the mediating figure of the revenant, instead of directly onto the cadaver.
It is the beautiful ghost, rather than the exquisite corpse of the Victorians, which dominates the late imperial Chinese imagination. Through a series of unexpected reversals, the story continually restages the problematic relation of corpse to ghost. She falls ill from longing, but her wealthy father categorically refuses the match when her mother broaches the sub- ject.
Upon overhearing their interchange, the girl is so shocked and upset, she falls dead on the spot. In remorse, her father ensures that her burial is richly furnished, which unfortunately attracts the attention of a professional grave-robber, who breaks into the tomb. Now having received an infusion of yang qi, her soul revived and she came back to life. Since no one else knows she has returned to life, however, she remains in a state of social death.
This ending is shocking because of the return of the corpse, which remains stub- bornly present and inert. For readers, the problem is that death has already been shown once to be reversible and so we expect the corpse to revive again. Appearing in print during the height of the Peony Pavilion craze, this story could easily have been read as a parody of the play, subverting the romantic trope of the woman who dies for love and is then revived through the beneficence of male sexual power. This dream interlude is precisely the passage in the story that Hanan suggests, on both linguistic and thematic grounds, was prob- ably rewritten or supplied by a later author.
The work of mourning normally ended, when, after a prescribed period, the mourner succeeded in detach- ing himself emotionally from the dead or fell into pathological melancholy if he did not. In China, the proper observance of mourning ritual was considered of extreme importance, both to the family and to the state. The ancient ritual canons had set down extremely detailed rules for mourning observances, carefully differentiated by the degree of mourning to be observed.
In somewhat simplified form, these ancient prescripts for mourning rites were incorporated into the Ming and Qing legal codes. By contrast, a married woman who had lost a husband observed first-degree mourning, but only second-degree mourn- ing for her own parents. The ghost story is one arena in which problems of this sort can be addressed. Nie, the protagonist of this story, is an uxorious man whose wife dies unexpectedly.
His grief is especially intense and therefore threatens to turn into a pathological form of mourning. Sitting up by day or lying down at night, Nie was so filled with grief and longing for her that he seemed to have lost himself. One night as he was sitting up alone, his wife suddenly pushed the door open and came in.
The case of a married daughter longing for her dead mother is even less well served by Chinese death ritual and the kinship system; although she was entitled to assume second-degree mourning, matrilateral kinship ties, unlike those of the patriline, were seen as terminating with death. The hair stands up on the back of your neck, and it also seems hard to breathe. Flint - The Dryden Building - Man walking down hallway on 3rd floor. Sounds of people walking up and down the stairs. Knocking on walls, lights flickering, faces seen looking out of window at night.
Personal items being moved from one place to another. Bells ringing at the front door. Haunted possibly by an old man and woman, or maybe even farm help. Forester - Forester Cemetery - Young Boys Running around Graves around on almost every Wednesday Thought to be because of a Fire that killed some school children. When Minnie was around 15 years of age, she fell in love with a sailor.
Unfortunately, Minnie's parents disapproved and would not let her see him. The sailor later died at sea. Minnie was so upset upon hearing of his death that she dressed herself in all white and jumped off the pier into the cold waters of Lake Huron. Her body is buried in the nearby cemetery. People have claimed to see her ghost walking the beach, crying for her lost love. Forestville - Forestville Beach - One night a young teenager was driving his truck down to the beach. The road to the beach had a steep hill downwards towards the water.
He was going to fast and couldn't stop in time so he plummeted in the water. The weight of his truck dragged him under to fast to escape so he drowned. Every summer night if you go to the beach you can hear his scream then a giant splash at around pm Frankenmuth - School House Mall - Story has it, that in the late 's when the mall was still a school, a teacher was killed there. A murder was running loose and this unlucky teacher was right in harms way. She has been seen wandering the hallways trying to protect her students from the killer.
Lorenz Lutheran grade school--was not built on that site until And there were all men teachers until the late 's. Fraser - Eisenhower Elementary - It is said that a little boy was brutally beaten and hung from the swing set and people report during the night to see the swings start swinging all on their own and cries of pain. Freeland - Elementary school - building used to be a graveyard, all bodies not removed.
A creepy man wondering the halls, but only in dark and deserted places. Behind stage, cold spots galore, and the curtain wires moving with no one by them. Old band room, and hole in the ceiling, and once on a while a student will see a mans face through it. Fremont - Old Applebrook Farm - Althaugh the home is owned by new owners now, the once-named Applebrook Farm is over years old. Fremont - Wal-mart - The ghost of a man has been known to play tricks on associates. Knocking things over and making noises. Especially upstairs in the layaway packaging dept.
The associates who have worked there for years swear they have seen him or have been witness to his mischievousness. Also complaints of feeling watched and chills. These sounds are said to be because a dog killed a little girl back in the 's. The tennis courts took over the exact spot.
Curtains open and close during rehearsals and performances. The crawl space door to the catwalk opens and slams shut, even though now it's kept looked. Lights flicker on off, especially the spotlights. The students know him as "Red Eyes", no one has yet to see him. Garden City - Garden City High School - Room - When the room is empty after school there is a girl that sits at an empty desk in the back corner. She was supposedly shot to death in Garden City - Garden City Hospital - There was a 13 year old boy who is seen late at night in the main lobby walking back on forth from the desk to the 3rd chair.
It is said that the boy is trying to decide to find another way out, or to avoid his original plan. Which was he jumped from the roof after an operation didn't go the way he had hope. After walking to the desk 3 or 4 times. It disappears and at night around if you stand on Cambridge and look up you can see it happening. Garden City - Garden City Park - reports of an apparition on an old man that is sitting at a picnic table that just disappears. Garden City - Lathers Elementary - The local rap group L3 was being hunted down by gunmen and ducked a few bullets.
Where the old baseball diamond stood, "Mr.
Tarnow" and "Phareel" fired back and killed two men before getting gunned down themselves. Children claim they hear rhymes and gunshots when they step on the "baseball diamond", which was turned into a parking lot because of the murder scene. Genesee - Grand Blanc - Riverbend East Watertower - Time to time you can hear "wavey" sounding voices coming from the fenced off building, at the bottom of the water tower I'm over here He was not found until weeks later Gladstone - North Bluff Cemetery - It has been seen by numerous people that a woman in a wedding dress has been seen walking through the cemetery searching for the people who murdered her husband, Raymond Visnaw.
It has said that she has actually came towards people and disappeared. Goodrich - Cemetery by the Elementary School - voices and sounds of people talking throughout the night. Teachers would go in there, thinking someone was smoking and there would be nobody there. Cameras would show that nobody even went into the bathrooms. During tests, students will sometimes hear voices coming from the venting systems. Lockers will mysteriously open and slam shut and nobody will be in the hallways. Every now and then, you would hear people whispering in the bathroom stall next to you and nobody will be there.
Also, door stalls will open and slam shut, even yours. It seems that the bathrooms at the high school are particularly haunted. Grand Blanc - Old State Cemetery - People levitating, shadowy figures, voices, cold winds suddenly, something touching you, held in one spot, and a bouquet of flowers following you every step you take.
When it was up and running as a theatre, employees would report lights turning on and off and garbage being cleaned up and no one had cleaned up. There also might be someone buried the basement according to stories. This information was printed in a story in the Grand Haven tribune around The theatre is currently going to be turned into a hotel if all goes well. Not enough money and interest could be raised for a hotel. Grand Haven - Lake Forest Cemetery - There has been sightings of a "blue man" apparition on top of Ferry Hill, an old part of the cemetery where the founders of the city are buried.
The "blue man" is believed to be that of William Ferry, a reverend and founder of Grand Haven. Grand Ledge - Sawdon High School - There are three floors at Sawdon High School, The classes use to be on the second floor until a student overdosed, on acid on the second floor, so they moved classes and lockers to the third floor, It is said that if you go on the second floor of Sawdon you will hear lockers open and slam shut, and toilets flush, and someone running through the hall screaming.
Objects moving on their own. Night security guards report turning off all lights in the locked and secured building and having them mysteriously turn on once again. Reports of water faucets turning on have also been mentioned. On the second story and in the far room at the right-hand side there is a ghost of a man that sometimes appears to be dressed in clothing from the 30's or 40's.
Sometimes he appears to be an elderly man. At approximately to the specter wanders from the hallway and then hesitates at the doorway and then look like it is about to turn around. But then he walks into the room. The former residence to that place reported that the ghost walked to the middle of his room and stood there for minutes and then goes out into the hallway and stands. It is not known when he vanishes. He was last seen in Grand Rapids - Cornerstone University - numerous stories of a girl that waits outside of Pickett Hall during very late hours.
Grand Rapids - Cornerstone University - Pickett Hall - numerous stories of a girl that waits outside of Pickett Hall during very late hours. Grand Rapids - Grand Rapids Civic Theatre - Reports of an "evil presence" in the peanut gallery, gels flap in the lights, and people have been seen in the side bays or ducking behind curtains Grand Rapids - Grand Rapids Home for Veterans - This Old Soldiers Home first opened in and its early residents were Civil War veterans.
To the present day, ghostly men are seen on the grounds wearing Civil War garb. Grand Rapids - St. Isidore School - Reports of water faucets going on all by themselves. There was one incident where a girl went to the upstairs bathroom and heard someone come in, but when she looked around no one was around. Grand Rapids - Ottawa Hills High School - In North House Lecture Hall there is reports of strange noises such as water spilling on the floor, footsteps and things turning on by themselves. A girl who was dropped of early one morning decided to sit and wait in the hall until school had opened reports someone or something pulling her hair.
In the first row, second seat on the right. Why these encounters are happening no one knows. Stephens School - Around ,a mysterious fire broke out in the downstairs gymnasium and trapped a young girl named Susan in the girl's bathroom. Students reported hearing screams and hollers coming from a stall in the girls locker-room, and seeing no one there. Grand Rapids - Studio 28 theater - There is a rumor of a ghost who haunts the projection booth by theater Some employees have seen a shadowy figure dart across the booth.
Others have noticed objects moving on their own. They report other odd happenings with other electrical devices. She has been seen in silhouette, sitting in the restaurant, and one manager, a young female I spoke with, said after a few nights of working alone cleaning up the bar area after closing, that she won't work alone there any more, she had seen the elevator operate on its own too many times and was scared.
Grand Rapids - West Catholic High School - There is a cemetery next to the high school that has a 'glowing nun' near one of the tombstones. You can only see this glowing nun during a full moon. When you see it, it is glowing and transparent.
Many Ghosts of Doctor Graves () comic books
There is no logic of the source of light or why it glows like a hologram. After you drive past the tombstone - it disappears. Hundreds of cars would line up to see the glowing nun every full moon in the 's. A Native person whom has been taught "bad medicine," can change or assume the shape of any animal he or she desires. When not in animal or human form, a ball of light can be seen traveling at ground level or jumping from treetop-to-treetop. Grandville - Grandville Cemetery - A year old cemetary built upon by a christian cemetary, dated back to the mid 's.
Reports of serious hauntings, and even people having extreme physical pain. In one case a young girl was rushed to the hospital only hours after visiting this cemetary. Grant - Grant High School - The janitors when they are all by themselves report seeing balls of light glide across the room and things being knocked over by themselves. Also reports from students of being slapped or hit across their face and backs. Grayling - Hartwick Pines River Bottom - Voices heard early in the mornings, if you are sitting in the river bottoms. Grayling - Pere Cheney Cemetery - Not far from Grayling is a cemetery from the late 's named after a small town that died out circa The cemetery has only a handful of tombstones, many of which have been vandalized or withered with age.
There is reference to several mass graves there from a plague of small pox and a major fire that destroyed the town. The cemetery has produced several tales of problems with electrical devices such as cars and radios, as well as sightings of ghostly figures and childish laughter.
Greenville - Frigidaire Factory - It is said to have the ghost of an employee who was killed in a traffic accident on his way home from work after being fired. Strange happenings have been documented by firemen and civilians. The occurrences are blamed on a ghost named Mr. Griffen, as it was only part of a name readable on an old tomb stone found in the yard. There are numerous sightings and stories of strange events that several scared to sleep and some even refuse to work at the station all together.
Greenville - Metron nursing home - a former worker used to work here doing post mortem care and the west hall has a nurse on duty her picture is on the wall there and she is seen ALOT walking around the end of west hall she died 23 years ago. Grosse Ile - Knock Knock Rd. In Gross Isle there is a lovers' lane. The story goes that one night a man and a girl were there and the girl wouldn't do anything with the guy so the guy kicked her out of the car and slammed the door.
Her hair supposedly got caught in the door and it is said that he dragged her down the road several miles. If you go down the street that she was dragged on you can her a knocking on the side of your car many times as if she was caught on the side of your car. Grosse Isle - Ford Yacht Club - strange noises and sightings on the grounds after the clubhouse closes. Some think it is the ghosts of past commodores. The ford yacht club has the largest grounds of any yacht club in the United States. During the American Revolution, the British controlled Grosse Isle, and during the war of ,as well.
Grosse Ile - Wildlife Sanctuary - The story goes that a man was hung from a tree branch in the middle of the night. You can still see the branch where the man was hung from at the fork of the road. It has been said that if you go there in the middle of the night, noises are heard and you will have the feeling of not being wanted there. Feeling of being watched and followed. Noises and lights through the trees. Having to go away.
Also, ny people report seeing a 10 year old boy riding his bike while driving through the bird sanctuary at night. He appears to be wearing all beige or gray and is generally approached from behind. The rider clad in an outfit entirely made up of the same color is what seems to grab the immediate attention of most people who have related this story.
Upon overtaking the rider, the passengers in the car invariably turn to have another look at this kid out for a ride on an unlit road in an area where people are not often found. All they report seeing behind them is empty road and dense woods stretching out before them. Strange people stand near the edge of the lake. While driving, you might watch them disappear as you look back to where you saw them. Grosse Pointe Woods - Grosse Pointe North High School - It is said if you are on the third floor at 2 o'clock in the morning, random lockers will open and close and you can hear a girl scream.
The story behind this is unknown. This place is said to be haunted by the ghosts of former patients of the asylum. Hancock - Finlandia University - Phi Kappa Tau House - In our year history of the house, it has been a hospital, hotel, doctors office, and now a fraternity house. One of the brothers fell off the fire escape years ago and died. Strange things happen such as faucets turning on, lights going on and off, and doors will open and close.
In addition their dog will not go into ROOM 1. She will stand outside the door and watch something or someone go around the room. There has also been sightings of miners and other strange people in the house. The basement was a morgue, and every now and then when down there it will go from being warm to ice cold even though it may be 70 degrees outside. Harrison - The Apartments behind the Putt-R-Golf - There has been many hauntings in these apartments, you can hear people walking up the stairs, radios and other electronic devices turn on and off by themselves, doors open, and you can here people talking or papers rattling when there is no one in the house except you.
Hartford - Maple Hill Cemetery - There have been reported sightings of a creature that lives in the back woods of the cemetery with glowing green and sometimes silver eyes. Eyewitnesses say this creature is very large and appears to be very hairy. It was reported that the creature itself once chased a couple teenagers out of the cemetery.
Teachers and students have reported sightings of an Indian Chief. He has been reported as a dark shadowy figure floating down halls and moving things around inn classrooms. Many of the teachers call him Chief Turkey Feather because of turkey feathers left behind after visiting classrooms. Harrison - Old white house - Back in the 's there was an old woman who owned half of Harrison and her grandson beat her and she died not to long afterward. The old house is known to have the toilet flush in the middle of the night, the doors slamming, an old woman's voice talking, screams, and things slamming up Harrison Township.
Harrison - Reinke House - There are many stories about this house. One is the mother Mrs. Reinke was standing in her kitchen putting away groceries, and looked up and saw twin daughters around 6 years old holding hands and walking toward her. They walked right past her and out the door down towards Budd Lake. Another story is the large man story.
Reinke was tying up his boat when he looked up into his bedroom window and saw a large figure of a man in the window. He rushed up to make sure everything was ok and when he got there, nothing was in the room. Soon after, another sighting of this large man happened. The daughter was sleeping when she noticed that a light was coming from her closet. The way the light comes through the window it would be impossible to be shining into the closet. She looked away, and when she looked back, saw a large man in her closet, the same man her dad had seen earlier.
She described the man looking just the way her dad had seen, and he hadn't told anyone about the man yet he didn't want to look stupid. The next day, the whole family was out of the house, and no one had been there all day. When the daughter came home, she found her room in total shambles, everything in the closet had been thrown around, and figurines and other possessions where seen lying on the ground.
Another story has to do with the son. One night he could hear a bouncing ball in the attic above his room. He hears it about once every month or so, and if he gets annoyed with it, he tells the ghost or whatever is bouncing the ball to quit, and it usually does. He is very used to it, and it doesn't scare him anymore to hear it.
All of the son's friends are afraid to sleep in the house, and will not really sleep in any rooms alone. Harrisville - Sturgeon Point light house - The tower is now walled up, and painted with a mural of a light keeper, but before being cut off from the rest of the building, a single dim light could be seen making it's way up the winding stairs to the tower. Hartland - Hartland RD Cemetery - orbs, mists and odd shapes when photographed at night.
Hastings - Charlton Park - A lady is said to have been murdered in the old hotel. She was killed in a bar fight. On many occasions she has been seen walking the halls of the third floor. There is a cleaning lady who refuses to clean on this floor because she gets weird feelings when she is there. The lady has never been seen anywhere else only in the hotel. There is also a story of a young girl who was playing hide and seek and locked herself in an old chest.
No one found her in time before she suffocated to death. She is said to have been seen walking the halls of the same floor. Hawks County Road - Site of the 's triple murder by two insane adolescents from Onaway, the Halfway Station, is said to still be haunted. The Station, halfway between Hawks and Millersburg, is fearfully avoided by teens today on "booze cruises," due to the folklore that the two murderers appear behind you after circling the station 3 x's after midnight. December Update: An investigation team traveled to Northern Michigan in July , and did full research on this haunted location.
No murders actually took place in this location, but the two teens did commit murder elsewhere. They are both incarcerated at Oaks Correctional Facility facing 14 life sentences. Here is a link to the all the events plus photos: WMGHS Highland - Shoe Tree - Possibly debunked as there is a peacock farm across the road, which would explain the answering screams. A kid walked by the tree everyday on his way home from school, and a couple bullies would stop him take his shoes and hang them on the tree so he could get them.
He was found dead one day behind the tree in a swamp. Now the tree his covered with shoes, and at midnight if you get out of your car and scream, he'll scream back for help. Holland - Castle Park - According to legend, this castle was built in by Michael Schwarz in order to properly seclude his family from, "America's uncivilising influences. Schwarz interfered with the attempted elopement and locked his daughter away in the castle's tower. Reports claim that on moonlit nights, her ghost can be seen in the tower window looking towards Holland for her lost love.
Holly - Holly hotel - various happenings. Holt - Holt High School - During the recent construction of Holt High School a young man was working on the catwalk over the stage in the auditorium. While he was working he fell over the rail and went head-first into the stage, covering everything within 5 feet with his blood. It is said that you can feel an eerie presence while in the Auditorium. Other accounts from actors using the stage say they would feel a hand grab their shoulder and turn around only to find out no one is there. Holt - Holt Jr. High - In the a little girl who didn't have any friends killed herself by hanging herself in the girls locker room.
People say that the little girl walks around the girls locker room looking for a friend to play with. Holt - Hope Middle School - In the 's a girl was killed by a hall gate slammed down for no apparent reason crushing her skull. Reports of a girl screaming and lockers slamming have been heard on March 7th at around 10 o 'clock or sometimes any dark quiet night. It has a bar as well, in the smoking section. The bar is haunted. Witness have seen a guy sitting in stool 2 from the left NOT from the bar tenders point of view.
Then he disappears. Howell - courthouse yard - People have mysteriously been hung on large tree branches, people have seen spirits, and have heard ghostly moans and screams. Sprits were seen in windows and in the court house yard. Females wearing all white and very pale, blonde hair and blue eyes have been seen.
Howell - Hillcrest Sanitarium - Several miles outside of city limits, there is the remnants of what used to be an asylum, and later housed patients with TB. Various sighting, usually of children occur. Strange noises are heard and lights are seen sometimes. All the tunnels removed and now they are putting up homes there.
It sits up on a hill and is easy to miss if you don't know where it is. There is a grave marker of a little girl aged 9 years old by the name of Mary Jane Walker who died Jan. If you ask her she may allow her picture to be taken. I tried this and got one picture that shows a vortex. Interlochen - Grunow Theatre Interlochen Arts Academy - This small "black box" style theatre was built in the 's for the Interlochen Arts Camp and is still used today by theatre majors in the Arts Camp and Academy.
It was built in the 's with funds donated by the Grunow family, supposedly as a memorial to their young daughter, who drowned in the lake right behind where the theatre stands. Sometimes, usually late at night during rehearsals when there are only a few people are around, strange noises and giggling are heard. Lights become unplugged, things move or disappear. Alice is loved by Interlochen theater students because of her mild mischief. Ionia - Mill st railroad tracks - It is often said that you can hear screams from a traffic accident that happened and landed in the front yard of a mill St.
Ionia - Highland Park Cemetery - Years ago, there was an accident at Oak Hill Cemetery, the other cemetery in Ionia, in which five kids went in at night, though it's not sure what they went in for. One of them had urged the others to leave several times, but they did not listen. M that night, four of them were dead, and the last kid survived in the scatter, but refused to explain what had happened, or how he'd survived, to police or anyone. On the first Saturday of every month between 2 and 3 A.
M, if survived walks to the gate, and waits to safely guide you through. It seems as though he can protect you now in death, though he couldn't protect them in life. Iron River - Iron Lake - cold spots, hear people talking when there is no one there, glass brake when there is no glass to brake. A ghost was seen approximately 30 yards North of the overlook. Jackson - Michigan Center High School- January - So far there is no proof that there was a death here - IT is said that a girl was hung in the auditorium of the Michigan center high school some people have said that when the are practicing playing the instruments or singing the lights will go on and off and you will hear strange moans.
Jackson - Michigan Theater - While the rest of the theater is pleasant enough, the basement is a whole other story. While performing there, members of our group were unwilling to go alone into the basement for some props and folding chairs. If you attempt it alone and are the least bit sensitive you'll find yourself frozen in place on the top step. The sense of evil is overwhelming. When accompanied and with several lights on, you'll get the feeling of being watched from the shadows of which there are plenty.
Jackson - Renolds road cemetery - Its that a father and daughter that were killed in the crouch road murder reunite here on nov. Small patches of fog have been seen settling over Jacob crouch's grave Jackson - Vander Cook Lake Castle - A white mist is seen as you approach the castle. Kalamazoo - Bronson Hospital - March correction: Formerly listed under Vicksburg - freezer door slamming in kitchen. Kalamazoo - Borgess Hospital - people have seen red lights, and ghosts of the old Sisters nuns who used to operate the hospital. There have been reports of children staying in the section known as 1 North feeling as if they are being watched.
In the room across the hall from the nurse's station a pair of glowing red eyes has been seen. When you look out at the cemetery next door you get a sick feeling in your stomach. Kalamazoo - Gilmoure now Alpha Tau Omega fraternity house - the house is over a hundred years old and used to be the Gilmoure's mansion back in the 30's,they were a wealthy family in the Kalamazoo area, it is said that the butler fell down the servants stair case all the way to the basement and died there, their is a built in grand father clock on the second floor that always stops on the same time whenever the clock is started, supposedly the same time the butler died, Brothers that live there report the presence of "something" at night, lights have turned them selves on or off and things have been moved with no one being present Kalamazoo - T.
It is said that there was a TB scare there. It is heavily patrolled by police now but when you could get in you could see unfinished card games and tools left on tables and shelves. Screams can be heard from the patients that were being experimented on. Olivet area - This Area is bordered by three cemeteries. Olivet Catholic Cemetery. Residents of the area have talked about strange occurrences happening in houses in the area, including a young boy that could see ghosts, and in the same house, blood dripping from a kitchen cupboard.
She will sometimes disrupt activities at the park if she is around. Many weird-groaning noises heard in the wind. An evil wizard was said to be burned at the stake their. Kelloggsville - Kelloggsville High School - A young girl in the 9th grade died in the math classroom, because of a brain tumor back in the 's. Her presence can be felt all the time and weird stuff happens randomly in that upstairs room.
Just west of Oakwood, until recently, stood the old Brewer family estate. Just west of that is a long lay of Grand River Valley land that once was the lumbertown of Austerlitz. There is much forgotton and paved-over history there. In the 's motorists returning home from Grand Rapids at night told of a woman who stood on the corner of Brewer and Cannonsburg roads she wore no coat, though the weather at the times during which she appeared was always disagreable. She was seen in cold rains and wet snows. This rural area just at the edge of town was not completely desolate so there are no stories of motorists stopping to offer the apparition a ride.
As the stories go, she never thumbed or indicated in any way that that she was in distress, she just stood there enduring the elements. Could she have been a live person? Doubtfull, Homes were far enough away from Oakwood that there would have been no reason for a young woman to stand out on that corner late at night in nasty weath with no coat. Perhaps only a disembodied spirit who can't leave until the jobs done! I wrote a short story and interviewed supervisor and others.
Kenton - Kitchie Cemetery - Cemetery with nothing but white crosses.
Only one headstone existing in the middle of all the white crosses. Chainsaws often heard along with screaming. Orbs float in front of parked cars of visitors. Kentwood - Velvet House - A mother and young daughter can be heard talking to each other, and to this day you can see the ghost of a cat hiding in corners, and then quickly dashing off. Curtains move with no windows open. The attic door opens sporadically. Kewadin - Oasis Red Bull Tavern - The bar was built in where it is said that a man hung himself in the basement.
At night you can hear foot steps, objects moving and sudden feelings of discomfort, such as on a 80 degree night, you get a brief ice cold draft across your neck. Well the legend goes that a homeless guy was trying to hitchhike on Pine Mountain Road up to Marquette for work and was hit by a truck.
The driver left his body there for someone else to find and by the time someone found him his body was too mutilated and decomposed to identify. Many people report seeing a man after midnight with a long white beard in 20's era clothes trying to flag them down. His eyes are big and white, almost like he's scared.
If you happen to see, "The Hitch" as we call it he disappears when you look back where he was standing. Kingsford - Pine Mountain Road - U. Investigators has, after doing several investigations of the area,as well as checking city and county records, determined that this one is a hoax. Also, it should be noted that the area in question is located in Iron Mountain, Mi.
Another thing one should make note of is that these are two relatively small communities, and it is curious that Lake Orion - Scripps Road - June Removed. No trespassing, if you are caught trespassing you will have charges brought against you. Lambertville - formerly listed in Temperance - Verna Drive - Update: The following reported haunting is a hoax. Also Lambert Estates also has never existed. One also has to wonder how such a horrific tragedy as the game show story never even made it to the local news. Lambert Estates is mostly made up of a road called Verna Drive.
The subdivision was formed in In the early summer of , Steven Madison, a year-old worker for a glass plant in Toledo, Ohio, walked into a home on Verna Drive and killed an elderly couple with a hammer found in the garage. He then moved into several other houses that night, and killed 7 others. He used a block of firewood to kill a family of 3, a wood saw to kill a young college graduate, and smothered or strangled the other 3. He then went into the woods next to the neighborhood and hung himself from a maple tree. Reports of screams often come from two houses in the neighborhood.
In the early July's, residents report a figure of a man walking down the street carrying a piece of firewood wearing a green shirt and jeans that appear to be blood stained. A neighbor once approached the man after seeing him 3 consecutive nights. When the man was asked who he was, he turned and faced the resident with a frightening wide grin and wide eyes.
He walked off after not responding and disappeared in the front yard of an residents house. He was also reported seen in the woods, hanging from a tree, when the owner of the woods walked in one evening while walking his dog. He noticed nothing out of the ordinary at first, until when standing under a tree; drops of water fell on him. He looked up and saw him hanging by his neck as if he just died. The water was apparently tears that the man shed. An investigation was conducted to investigate the level of paranormal activity. The investigation was part of a game show where a group of people spent a week in the now abandoned neighborhood, to determine whether it was haunted.
By the end of the week, a member of the investigating team disappeared and had not been found until two months later. He was found nearly dead in the glass plant in Toledo wear Steven Madison was employed. Retrieved February 19, Choose Philippines. Retrieved December 12, Retrieved July 19, Sembrano August 15, Retrieved August 14, Los Banos, ghost and mythology side by side". Journal Online. January 13, Retrieved August 20, Retrieved November 13, October 28, SunStar Publishing, Inc.
Panay News Philippines. Retrieved November 12, Archived from the original on January 25, October 27, Retrieved November 30, Ghosts and ghostlore. South Africa. Maori Polynesian. Booty v Barnaby. Categories : Philippines-related lists Reportedly haunted locations in the Philippines Lists of reportedly haunted locations.